14.10.19

Women's Health

  • Women's Health and Healthy food Facts on women's health

  • Facts on women's health
  • Women's general health and wellness
  • Female anatomy
  • The female reproductive system
  • Female hormones
  • Diseases more common in women
  • Cancer in women
  • Women's cosmetic concerns
  • Menstruation
  • Sexuality
  • Fertility, birth control, and infertility
  • Pregnancy
  • Motherhood
  • Menopause
  • The mature woman - post menopause

Data Facts on women's health
    All Over the world Women and men have many similar health problems, but specially women have their own health problems, which deserve special attention.
    Women's lives have changed over the centuries. Historically, life has been very difficult for most women. In addition to many dangers and diseases, women often became wives and mothers when they had just left their childhood. Many women had a large number of pregnancies that may or may not be necessary. In the past, the birth itself was precarious and often led to the death of the mother. Most women in the past did not live long enough to worry about menopause or aging.
    In 1900, the woman was about 50 years old. Now, in the new millennium, the average life expectancy of American women is 82 years, and it continues to rise. Women not only live longer, but can also expect to enjoy a better quality of life throughout their years. To achieve this, it is essential that women take care of their bodies and understand how they can maximize their personal fitness and health. It is also useful for men to understand and support women's health problems.
    Gynecology is the main branch of medical science that deals with women's health problems. The word "gynecology" is a word that consists of "gynecology", which means "woman", "logic", which means "knowledge". If we take them together, they are "meeting women."
    It is important that every woman has knowledge about the spectrum of women's health problems, not only about her reproductive system, but also about all aspects of her body.

    Women's general health and wellness

    Health and general well-being of women.
    Reliable information is provided to women on issues such as eating disorders, stress, alcoholism, addiction and depression, as well as major issues such as good nutrition, heart.health and exercise. For example, it is useful for a woman to maintain her optimal weight. If a woman's waist size is more than 35 inches (89 cm), she is more likely to develop heart disease,as high blood pressure and diabetes. Eating reasonable meals, getting rid of snacks after dinner and making physical activity part of everyday life are important ways to help control weight and reduce the risk of a long list of health problems.

    Smoking is harmful to the health of any person, as well as to the health of those around him. Unfortunately, women continue to smoke despite known health risks. Despite the low number of women smokers, only about 16% of women in the United States continue to smoke. Women smoke despite well-publicized risks that include cancer, heart disease and many other health problems.

    Drinking of an excessive amount of alcohol is also harmful to health. Women generally tend to drink later and slightly less than men, but women need less alcohol to develop medical problems related to alcohol.including alcohol toxicity, cirrhosis and hepatitis.

    Women should be aware that they metabolize a series of medications differently than men. In some cases and some medications, the metabolic rate may be slower and in others it is faster. Therefore, it is necessary for a woman to be well informed about the types of medications she is taking and the correct doses.

    Female anatomy

    There are significant differences in anatomy between men and women that require consideration. As more women now participate in sports, many anatomical differences are identified, often because athletic men and women suffer different types of injuries. In women, the hamstrings (muscles behind the leg) are not as strong as in men. Women also have a broader hip / knee ratio than men. A woman's legs are relatively longer and her torso is shorter than that of a man of similar size. It has a lower center of gravity, less muscle mass, less dense bones and a higher percentage of body fat.

    The anatomical differences between men and women go far beyond the reproductive and skeletal systems. For example, it involves the brain and the heart. In fact, heart disease is the leading reason behind cause of death of women in the United States. 
    He is now described as an "equal opportunity killer." More than one in three adult women in the United States suffer from some forms of cardiovascular disease.

    Women tend to have a first heart attack after 10 years than men. For reasons that are not yet clear (and need more research), the likelihood of a young woman dying from a heart attack is much greater than that of a man. In addition, the symptoms of an impending heart attack in women may differ somewhat from men. Women are more likely to ignore symptoms and not seek medical attention. Every woman needs to develop a good heart program.

    The female reproductive system

    Female reproductive system
    Since the female reproductive system plays such an important role throughout a woman's life, she receives special attention. The female reproductive system includes her uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix and external genitalia. Breasts can also be included, although technically, they are not part of the reproductive system. The breast plays an important role in pregnancy and motherhood.

    Although the main function of the reproductive system is pregnancy and motherhood, the female reproductive system contributes significantly to its total femininity. Due to the complexity of your reproductive system, you can face a number of problems ranging from yeast infections from the vagina to uterine fibroids or ovarian cysts.

    If women must make informed decisions about their medical care, they must understand their reproductive system. In the United States, an important joint surgery in non-pregnant women is hysterectomy. Hysterectomy, surgical hysterectomy, ends menstruation and the innate ability of a woman to conceive. A woman should include her options before she can decide if hysterectomy is the best solution for her own medical condition.

    Female hormones

    The hormone is a chemical substance secreted by an organ that travels through body fluids to affect other tissues in the body. In essence, hormones are "chemical messengers." Many hormones, especially those that affect growth and behavior, are present in both men and women. However, women are often portrayed as under the influence of their hormones, subjected to hormonal "tides" or "storms."

    Some hormones are of particular interest to women. The sex hormones produced by the ovaries not only participate in the growth, maintenance and repair of reproductive tissues, but also affect other body tissues, including bone mass. This can be a problem for women who strive to have low body fat (for example, athletes, models and ballet) and for women with eating disorders. Women who have a low percentage of body fat often do not produce sufficient amounts of sex hormones. Therefore, they may experience menopause, osteoporosis (osteoporosis), fractures and other conditions similar to those faced by many menopausal women.

    After menopause, a woman's body produces fewer female hormones estrogen and progesterone. The symptoms of menopausal transmission can be alarming for some women. Many doctors prescribe hormonal therapy (TH, HRT) to relieve symptoms of menopause, although this treatment should be administered for a short time due to increases in the frequency of heart attacks and a slightly higher risk of breast cancer.

    Hormonal problems for women are not limited to those sex hormones. For example, thyroid disease, including hyperthyroidism (hyperthyroidism) and hyperthyroidism (hypothyroidism), is more common among women than among men.

    Diseases more common in women

    Many diseases affect women and men equally, but some diseases occur more frequently in women. For example, gallstones are three or four times more common among women than men. About 18% of women in the United States suffer from migraines compared to only 6% of men, a ratio of three to one woman per man. Other conditions that appear more frequently in women than in men include irritable bowel syndrome and urinary tract infections.



    Urinary tract infections, including cystitis (cystitis) and renal infection (pyelonephritis) are important health problems that often affect women. Kidney disease is the leading cause of high blood pressure (hypertension). After 50 years, high blood pressure is more common in women than in men.


    Autoimmune disorders are also more common in women than in men (for example, multiple sclerosis and Sjogren's syndrome and lupus). In these diseases, the immune system attacks the body's tissues. Autoimmune disorders affect at least 12 million Americans and 3/4 of them are women. An autoimmune disorder, rheumatoid arthritis, affects approximately 1.3 million Americans, two thirds of whom are women.

    Osteoporosis, a condition in which bone density is low, occurs in both men and women. In general, however, it is a major concern for women. Some studies have reported that up to one in two women over 50 will suffer a fracture of osteoporosis during their lifetime. At 65, some women lost half of their structural mass. A woman's doctor can assess her bone density and make recommendations on how to prevent further bone loss.

    Cancer in women

    Some cancers are especially important for women. This includes not only cancer of the female organs, such as cervical, cervical, uterine and ovarian cancer, but also the pancreas, the large intestine (colorectal cancer) and the lung.

    Breast cancer is the second leading cause of death in the women. In the United States, women have a 12.4% chance of developing breast cancer in their lives. Research studies suggest that the smaller the breast cancer is when detected, the greater the chances of survival. Currently, mammography and breast screening are the recommended screening tests for breast cancer. The detection of hereditary genetic mutations allows the identification of at least some women with a higher risk of breast cancer.

    Cancer that affects the ovary is also known as ovarian cancer. Due to the difficulty of detecting ovarian cancer in its early stages, it is often referred to as the "silent killer." Although ovarian cancer can occur at any age, a woman's risk gradually increases over time, which is much higher if there is a history of ovarian cancer in the family. One in 70 women in the United States develops ovarian cancer.

    By the name of Colorectal cancer is a cancer of the large intestine.In people over 50 Most cases of colorectal cancer occur . Women with a history of breast, uterus or ovarian cancer have an increased risk of colorectal cancer. Periodic screening is recommended for all women over 50. Studies suggest that eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, in addition to supplementing the diet with antioxidants, can help reduce a woman's colorectal cancer risk not only, but also other types of cancer.

    Lung cancer is also the leading cause of cancer death among women. Since smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer, it should be clear that withdrawal is an important way to avoid this frightening disease. Quitting smoking is essential to minimize the damage already caused by smoking and improve long-term health.

    Women's cosmetic concerns

    Aesthetic concerns of women
    For many women, the term "cosmetics" means preparing makeup for external use, such as lipstick or eye shadow."Cosmetics" may also mean medical procedures performed for correcting defects or for appearance.This is probably less than 600,000 plastic surgeries performed in the United States. Every year A variety of procedures and the number of women undergoing cosmetic surgery continues to increase.

    There are very few areas of the body for which no plastic surgery has been developed. There are processes to improve the texture and color of the skin, such as dermabrasion and chemical peels. Collagen and Botox injections can modify wrinkles and unwanted wrinkles. Birthmarks, moles and veins can be treated using a variety of techniques. Lasers can eliminate unwanted hair, while hair loss (baldness or alopecia) can often be treated with medications or surgical implants.

    Liposuction is the elimination of subcutaneous fat. The identification of body contours to reshape or "sculpt" the body can be done using ultrasonic liposuction and blood techniques. Elevators and various cosmetic surgeries remove skin and fat and reposition skin and tissues.

    Millions of women have suffered breast augmentation or reduction over the years. These actions remain popular and controversial. Breast reconstruction, especially after breast cancer, is usually seen differently. Since all these cosmetic procedures are also medical in nature, it is important that women understand their risks and benefits.

    Menstruation

      For approximately 40 years of their lives, women suffer a natural phenomenon called the menstrual cycle. Systematic loss of blood and tissue due to the natural fainting of the inner lining of the uterus (menstruation) occurs every 26 to 35 days (more or less per month) in all normal non-pregnant women before menopause. Each menstrual cycle can be divided into a follicular stage (ovum growth), ovulation (ovum release) in the middle of the month and a zero phase (during which the endometrium prepares to receive a fertilized egg). If the egg is not fertilized, the endometrium is thrown and the woman goes through the menstrual period. Then, the entire sequence of events is repeated.

      Most women have no difficulties during the first half of their menstrual cycle, but once an egg is released, there may be problems such as pelvic pain. During the second half of the cycle, women may experience premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and may experience menstrual cramps at the onset of menstrual flow.

      About 70% - 90% of women suffer from premenstrual syndrome. Symptoms of the menstrual cycle include irritability, nervousness, seizures, swelling and headaches. A particularly serious case, premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), is more difficult than menstrual disorder.

      Every step of a woman's menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones. The production of these hormones depends on the general health of women. Losing too much body weight can stop menstruation. There are a number of disorders that are characterized by absent, prolonged, heavy, irregular or painful periods. The basic conditions, which may include polycystic ovary syndrome and endometriosis, need medical evaluation.

      Ironically, there is a medical condition in which women with menstruation benefit. The disease is hypopigmentation, which is characterized by the presence of a large amount of iron in the blood. Women who menstruate with hyperpigmentation may lose enough blood during menstrual periods that may not require additional treatment to remove excess iron.

      Sexuality

      Sexuality deals with women's sexual attitudes and practices. During her life, a woman undergoes many changes, not only in her body, but also in her attitudes and lifestyle.

      Sex hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone, have a profound effect on women's sexuality. Women also produce testosterone, as required for sexual arousal. In humans, sexual desire is not associated with reproduction, and women will participate in sexual activities even when they are not fertile.

      Little is known about any partner or prevents female sexual arousal. It is estimated that 50 million American women find it difficult to wake up. Problems include decreased libido, sexual aversion, difficulty in sexual arousal (such as impotence in men) and pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia).

      Physical exercise can increase sexual arousal, while chronic diseases, arthritis, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, mental illnesses and depression can prevent sexual arousal. Alcohol and some medications such as tranquilizers can also inhibit the sexual response.

      Following the success of sildenafil (Viagra) and other anti-impotence medications in men, much research is being done on medications that improve blood flow to the vagina and vaginal area that can improve female sexual arousal.

      Fertility, birth control, and infertility

      Fertility is the ability to have children. Most women want to restrict when and who they perceive. In the United States, 94% of women between 15 and 44 use certain contraceptive methods to avoid unwanted pregnancies.

      Ideally, birth control is the responsibility of sexual partners. The choice of birth control should be a common decision. In fact, the ultimate responsibility for birth control often rests with women. Its options include oral contraceptives, spermicides, diaphragm, cervical covers, rhythm methods, contraceptive implantation and uterine devices. In general, long-term protection (for example, oral contraceptives, implants, or IUDs) that do not require a last-minute decision provides better protection (with a failure rate of 0.1 to 3%) than methods (for example, Condoms or spermicides) used before sexual intercourse (5% -15% "failure rate").

      Every woman who wishes to use contraceptives must decide the most appropriate method for her. They should also identify methods that offer them the greatest protection against sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV and AIDS.

      The opposite of fertility is, of course, infertility or infertility. Infertility affects one in five couples in the United States. Infertility in women tends to be more problematic as women get older, especially after age 35. Regardless of age, the infertility specialist should medically evaluate women and their partner to determine the cause of infertility and, if possible, correct the problem. The options currently available for infected couples have been expanded. Infertility These include advanced reproductive techniques, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracellular sperm injection (ICSI), egg donor and / or sperm use, and the surrogate mother. Adoption, as always, is another option for couples without children.

      Pregnancy

        Optimally, all pregnancies will be planned before pregnancy ( conception). In the United States, it is currently estimated that 40% of all pregnancies are not planned. This means that many women become pregnant before preparing.
        The ideal time to start learning about pregnancy is not when a woman is already pregnant.For a future mother to maximize her chances of having a healthy baby, she must try to discover what she can do before pregnancy and what to do after pregnancy.

        For women, pregnancy planning means learning all they can about how to improve your health and that of your baby.

         For example:

        A pregnant mother needs to know what diseases can complicate pregnancy due to its presence or treatment, such as depression, epilepsy, thyroid disease, asthma, lupus or diabetes.
        If the mother smokes, she should stop, because women who smoke have a higher rate of abortions and stillbirths.
        • You must consider the dangers of alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
        • They should also know which medications they can continue to use safely and which medications to avoid.
        • There are also a series of prenatal tests that can control your child's health and development.
        • Finally, you should plan ahead for the delivery and delivery. Although the pregnancy itself only lasts nine months, it is a period of time in which the maintenance of women's health is crucial. 
        Motherhood Maternity
        Women with children dedicate a large part of their lives to motherhood. Although a woman's fertility is limited to approximately 40 years, her mother's responsibilities may last longer, approximately 60 years. Most mothers never stop worrying about the health and well-being of their children (and grandchildren), regardless of their age. In other words, mother is mother forever.

        During the period of motherhood, a woman is responsible not only for maintaining her health, but also for the health of her family. Almost a third of all children in this country live isolated from their parents, which means that society still depends on mothers to protect and care for their children.

        Menopause

          The term menopause is used to describe an event or period of time in a woman's life. In some contexts, it is used to designate a period of years, usually when a woman is forty years old during her fiftieth anniversary and more. Strictly speaking, it is said that a woman suffered from menopause when she had 12 consecutive months below her menstrual period. On average, menopause occurs around 51 years. However, the premenopausal process usually begins in the early 1940s. The decrease in sex hormone levels can be measured in women between 30 and 30 years old.

          Menopausal women are an important component of the population. An estimated numbers of 50 million women in the United States have reached menopause. Most women can expect to spend about a third of their lives after menopause.

          Menopause is often referred to as "life change" because it is a time in a woman's life when menstruation stops and she is no longer able to conceive.

          Menopause symptoms may include:
          • Hot flushes,
          • Humor changes,
          • Vaginal dryness,
          • Decreased libido,
          • I forget,
          • Trouble sleeping and
          • Incontinence
          Until 1950, the position of society was that menopause was the destiny of women and that they simply had to accept their destiny. Now there are many medical strategies to treat the symptoms of menopause. Women are encouraged to think of menopause not as a catastrophic event in life, but only as a transition period.

          The mature woman - post menopause

          Mature women - menopause
          Before the 20th century, ordinary women did not live long enough to worry about their quality of life after menstruation ceased. Now, most women live decades after menopause.

          This is not necessarily good news. Almost half of American women over 75 live alone in relative social isolation. The majority of the population in nursing homes are women. Mature women often not only have to deal with osteoporosis, cancer and heart disease, but also face other health problems, such as hearing loss, decreased obesity, urinary incontinence, arthritis, insomnia, memory loss and erectile dysfunction.

          Isolated problems of sedentary lifestyle can be exacerbated by malnutrition, smoking, alcoholism or drug addiction. Studies show that it is not too late to benefit from an improved diet, moderate exercise, quitting smoking, using drugs and reducing alcohol consumption.

          The disease, not natural aging, is usually the cause of job loss in mature women. Nothing can be done to prevent the passing of the years, but much can be achieved throughout a woman's life to prevent and treat diseases that prevent her from maintaining her best possible health.



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